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Thursday, July 31, 2008

Chile Industrial Output Falls Again In June

Chilean industrial output shrank 0.9 percent in June over June 2007. This was the second consecutive decline. The industrial production index has now fallen year-on-year in three of the past four months, according to National Statistics Institute data. Unemployment was also higher than expected at 8.4 percent, the institute said today in Santiago.

Metal production fell as output of molybdenum, which is used to strengthen steel, declined 28 percent. The Chilean peso fell 0.51 percent to 510.22 pesos per dollar as of 10.37 a.m. in New York on expectation the data may slow the pace of interest- rate increases.

The central bank raised its overnight lending rate by half a percentage point at each of its last two monthly meetings. The bank is committed to slowing inflation to 3 percent within two years from the 9.5 percent annual pace it reached in June, and will probably need to raise rates again, according to Vice-President Jorge Desormeaux.

Consumer spending fell 2.3 percent in real terms from a month earlier, the third month in a row that sales of consumer goods have declined or remained unchanged. Supermarket sales, which increased 14 percent year-on-year as inflation pushed up the prices of food, rose just 1 percent in real terms.

Monday, July 7, 2008

Chile Economic Growth May 2008

Chile's principal economic activity index, the IMACEC, rose 2.1 percent in May compared with a year earlier, which was a marked slowdown after growth of 4.8 percent in April, according to data from the central bank yesterday. The IMACEC, a monthly index, measures more than 90 percent of the components which make up Chile's gross domestic product. GDP figures are issued quarterly. So it gives us some short term measure of the level of economic activity.

The pace of growth slowed from April, which followed a 0.3 percent contraction in March, the central bank said today. The annual economic growth rate fell to an average of 2.4 percent in the three months through May, from 6.5 percent in the same period a year earlier.

Chilean economists generally cut back their forecasts from over 3 percent after a June 30 government report showing a 2.4 percent contraction in industrial output in May. Similar results in June would leave the country on course for first-half growth of around 3 percent. Production seems in part to have slowed due to strikes, energy shortages and floods that destroyed crops and swept away road and rail access to Codelco's El Teniente copper mine.

June's activity data should be better than May's because heavy rain brought the drought that was causing a rise in the price of price power generated by hydro-electric dams to an end. Water-driven turbines provide as much as 70 percent of power in central and southern Chile. The electricity, gas and water industries probably didn't act as a drag on the economy in June, as they had in earlier months. The depreciation of the peso versus the U.S. dollar during June also helped exporters. The Peso declined 9 percent in June to hit a 10-month low of 527.89 per dollar on June 30.

Thursday, July 3, 2008

Chile Inflation June 2008

Chile's annual inflation rate rose to 9.5 percent in June, the fastest pace since 1994, the National Statistics Institute said today. Consumer prices rose 1.5 percent month on month, more than the 1.2 percent rise in May. The core inflation rate was 0.8 percent in June, up from 0.7 percent last month.